Wednesday, 22 November 2017

Report: “israeli Soldiers Killed 14 Palestinian Children This Year”

19 Nov  11:47 AM
Marking the World Children’s Day (November 20th) the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) has reported that Israeli soldiers have killed 14 Palestinian children since the beginning of this year, while 300 children are still imprisoned by Israel.
It said that, according to statements and official data by the Palestinian Detainees’ Committee, Israeli soldiers have abducted 15000 Palestinians, including 4000 children, since the al-Quds Intifada started in late October 2015.
The PCBS added that Israel was still holding 300 children captive, facing bad treatment, torture and constant violations, spending their childhoods in prisons, without even the right to education.
It quoted detailed data and statistics by Defense for Children International (DCI) confirming that Israeli soldiers have killed 14 Palestinian children, since the beginning of this year, until October 31, compared to 35 children killed by Israeli fire in 2016.
It added that three of the slain children, killed in 2017, were 13-15 years of age, and eleven were 16-17 years of age.

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

قراءة في حديث الرئيس بشار الأسد




صابرين دياب

نوفمبر 21, 2017

حين يتحدّث الرئيس بشار الأسد عن العروبة من دون ورقة، ولا حتى رؤوس أقلام، فذلك أبعد من السياسة بفراسخ، بمعنى أنّ الأمر انتماء وفكر وثقافة، وليس بالأمر الشكلاني قطعاً.

حين كتب ساطع الحصري كتابه المبكر والمميّز «العروبة أولاً»، كان بدون أدنى ريب – يقصد أنّ العروبة نبتٌ سوري صرف، كيف لا، وقد فكَّكت «سايكس – بيكو» الوطن العربي، إلى قطريات، وكانت سورية وحدها التي تمّت تجزئتها من الداخل، حيث اقتطعت منها دويلتان قطريتان لتوابع أعراب، بينما تقرّر اغتصاب جنوب سورية، أيّ فلسطين.

وهكذا، حين تحدّث الرئيس الأسد، في الملتقى العربي لمواجهة الحلف الأميركي الصهيوني الرجعي، ودعم مقاومة الشعب الفلسطيني، والذي عُقد مؤخراً في دمشق، فقد أكد على أنّ المستقبل العتيد هو للعروبة وقيمها النبيلة، ولعلّ حجر الأساس في حديث الأسد بشار، أنّ العروبة حالة حضارية ثقافية، لم تنحصر ولم تحصر نفسها في العرب، بل في جميع الشركاء في الوطن، وهذا تأسيس لمواجهة معسكرين: داخل الوطن وخارجه.

داخل الوطن، موجّهة ضد قيادات الاتجاهات الإقليمية والقُطرية والطائفية، التي أفلتت من اللجام إثر تراجع المدّ العروبي بعد الخمسينيات والستينيات، وأعلنت حرباً لا هوادة فيها ضدّ القومية العربية، سواء بتجلياتها في أنظمة أو قوى سياسية، أو حتى ثقافية شعبية.

وضدّ التيارات المتخارجة او المتغربنة من ليبراليين وحداثيين، وخاصة قيادات إثنية، تثير النعرات «الإثنية والقومية والدينية» سواء في المشرق العربي أو في المغرب العربي، تحت غطاء تسمية «المكوّنات»، زاعمة أنّ القومية العربية شوفينية، وبأنّ تلك المكوّنات لها حق الانفصال.

هذا مع العلم بأنّ أياً من هذه المجموعات، عاجزة عن الحياة والاستمرار بقواها الذاتية، ما يؤكد أنّ المقصود ارتباطها التابع بالغرب الرأسمالي الإمبريالي، الذي يستهدف الأمة العربية منذ قرون، وضدّ أنظمة وقوى الدين السياسي التي قادت العدوان ضدّ سورية، وهي التي قاتلت سورية نيابة عن العدو الغربي وخاصة الأميركي و»الاسرائيلي».

وهذه سابقة هائلة، كرّست ظاهرة الإضرار الذاتي او أبدية الإضرار، وهي قيام عرب بتدمير قطر عربي لصالح الإمبريالية والصهيونية بلا مواربة! ظاهرة هدفها تقويض المشترك القومي، وبالطبع ضدّ مشغلي هذه المجموعات والقوى والاتجاهات، ايّ الإمبريالية والصهيونية. وأكد الاسد، في هذا السياق على عدم ترك الدين أسيراً بأيدي قوى الدين السياسي، بل يجب استرداد الدين فهو عربي وبلغة العرب، بل واسترداد المسيحية والإسلام في مواجهة توظيفهما ضدّ العروبة.

وكان الحديث ضدّ اليسار المعولم، اللاقومي الذي تورّط في مواقف ضدّ الوحدة العربية، مواقف لم يسبر المروّجون لها غور الفكر، الفكر الماركسي الذي لم ينفِ المرحلة القومية بل يؤكد حضورها وكفاحيتها في البلدان المستعمَرة، فما بالك بالمغتصبة!

أما ما يخصّ معسكر الثورة المضادّة ولا سيما الإمبريالية والصهيونية والتوابع العرب الرسميين والثقافيين، فكلّ الحديث ضدّهم..

وأكد الأسد أنّ الجيش السوري، جيش عقائدي، ولم يقصد الرئيس تأكيد المؤكد، أيّ عقائدية الجيش، بل أكَّد على أنّ ما سمّي انتهاء عصر الإيديولوجيا، ليس سوى وهم وزيف، قصدت به أميركا بشكل خاص، موت مختلف العقائد، وبقاء وحدانية الثقافة الرأسمالية الأميركية ووثنية السوق، أي بقاء إيديولوجيا السوق، لذا أكد الرئيس على ضرورة تكريس القومية العربية والاشتراكية، وهذه النقطة تحديداً أو خاصة، إشارة تأسيس لما ستنتهجه سورية لاحقاً، وكأنه يقول: أمامكم معارك مع ظلاميّي الداخل، وضواري الغرب الاستعماري.

أما وسورية تتجه نحو حالة من الراحة ولو النسبية، فقد نبَّه الرئيس ولو تلميحاً، إلى جيوب التقرّحات الرجعية والقُطرية داخل سورية نفسها، والتي تجرّ معها طيبين وبسطاء من السوريين، وراء مقولة أنّ سورية ليست عربية، لأنّ «عرباً» غدروا بها وحاربوا ضدّها، ولا شك في أنّ الرئيس تعمّد التأكيد بأنّ العرب الذين غدروا وخانوا واعتدوا على سورية، هم عرب الأنظمة الحاكمة، وخاصة ما يسمّى «التحالف العربي»، أيّ ممثلي «القومية الحاكمة»، وهي عدوة لدودة للوحدة والقومية، ولو كان هناك مجال لاستفتاء الجماهير العربية، لجعلت من دمشق عاصمة الوطن العربي الموحّد.

لذا نقد الرئيس بل كشف خبث مَن يطالبون بتغيير اسم سورية، من الجمهورية العربية السورية إلى جمهورية سورية! أو إلى سورية الفيدرالية، في تمهيد لتقسيم سورية، ولذا أكد أنّ سورية ستبقى موحّدة ولن يتمّ التهاون مع اقتطاع بوصة واحدة من أرضها.

فضلاً عن السخرية ممن يطالبون بجيش «محترف» غير عقائدي! والجيش المحترف هو مطية لأية سلطة تحكم، محيَّد سياسياً، يمكن أن يكون وطنياً وأن يكون لا وطني، وهو أشبه بحكومات التكنوقراط، التي تضع محفوظاتها العلمية في خدمة سيدها أيّاً كان.

وثمّة جوانب لم يقلها الرئيس مباشرة، لكن قراءتها من بين السطور ليست صعبة، لعلّ أهمّها أنّ التركيز على محورية ومصيرية البعد القومي، هو الردّ المتماسك على الذين يروّجون بأنّ سورية غدت تابعة للجمهورية الإسلامية في إيران، منطلقين من بعد طائفي مقيت، فالتركيز على البعد القومي هو تأكيد على التحالف ونفي للتبعية، وينسحب الأمر نفسه على العلاقة بالاتحاد الروسي من دون ذكر الدولتين في هذا السياق.

بقي أن نقول بأنّ الرئيس، أدار نقداً في العمق من دون حِدَّةٍ، حين اشار إلى أنّ كثيراً من المؤتمرات القومية قد عُقدت في الماضي، وبأن المطلوب اليوم مؤتمرات فعل وشغل، وكأنه يقول بأنّ «القومية الأكاديمية» لا تكفي. وهذا ما لفت انتباه كثير من الشباب، لا سيما السوري والفلسطيني المنشغل في مواجهة المحتلّ والصمود أمام مشاريعه كلها وتحدّيها، ولا مجال أمامه للمشاركة في المؤتمرات، هذا الشباب الذي قرأ رسائل أسد المرحلة وزعيمها في ميادين التحدّي والصمود والعمل.. فقد طمأنهم الأسد بأنّ سورية ستحيا لتحيا فلسطين والأمة.

كاتبة وناشطة فلسطينية

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

Former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry “israelis don’t want peace with Palestinians”


“The Palestinians have done an extraordinary job of remaining committed to nonviolence.”
River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

Tuesday, 21 November 2017

israel was founded by theft: israeli Soldiers Ransack Ramallah Jewellery Store, Steal Merchandise

21 Nov  7:10 AM
Israeli forces raided central Ramallah on Monday, before dawn,  and broke into homes and shops, including a jewelry store from which the soldiers stole gold merchandise, according to Palestinian security sources and shop owners.
They said a large force raided Ramallah, the de facto capital of the Palestinian Authority and base of its president and government, and broke into and searched homes and shops.
In the process, soldiers raided a jewelry store owned by Izz al-Asbah who said the Israeli soldiers raided his shop, ransacked it and stole more than one and a half kilograms of gold.
He said the force caused major damage to his shop, WAFA reports.
River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

israel’s Religious Fanaticism Is Infiltrating America

Source
Israel’s Religious Fanaticism Is Infiltrating America – Ha’aretz
Election rally for Israel’s ultra-Orthodox United Torah Judaism political party. The slogan reads: “We are all ultra-Orthodox followers of God and His Torah.” 17 Jan 2013 (Ahikam Seri)
Radical separatism, so prevalent in Israel, is infecting the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community in New York City, with Mayor Bill de Blasio’s shameful blessing. Many of the 57,000 students in New York’s Hasidic yeshivas will graduate from high school speaking little English and with no math skills or knowledge of history or science. The result will be that they will depend heavily on various forms of public assistance. The author of the article, Rabbi Eric H. Yoffie (former president of the Union for Reform Judaism), writes that this extremist practice is contrary to Jewish teachings…
By Eric H. Yoffie, Haaretz
Israelis have long suffered from the lies and distortions of the ultra-Orthodox politicians of the Shas and United Torah Judaism parties. But American Jews are now suffering as well, as the extremism of Israel’s religious establishment has made its way to America’s shores.
The American Jewish community is usually happy to receive exports from Israel, but not in this case.
The export here is the claim of Israel’s ultra-Orthodox, or Haredi, rabbis that all young men in the Haredi world must devote their lives to the study of Torah.
These young men, the rabbis insist, need not learn the practical skills necessary to support their families. They need not provide, through honest work, for the health and wellbeing of their wives and children. They need not serve in the army. Instead, they are to commit themselves to the full-time study of Torah, supported by the Israeli taxpayer. This, say the rabbis, is the way of tradition – the way that Jews have always done things.
Except it is not.
The rabbis’ claims are a total fabrication. According to the Talmud, the Torah scholar is to “combine Torah study with some worldly occupation,” and Torah study not so understood will eventually “fail and occasion sin” (Avot 2:3).
Maimonides codifies this view in the Mishneh Torah, and employs especially biting language: “Anyone who makes up his mind to study Torah but does not work and lives on charity profanes the name of God, disgraces the Torah, obscures the light of religion, causes harm to himself, and deprives himself of life in the world to come.”
It is true that exceptions were made for truly great Torah scholars. These were the select few who studied in the Jewish world’s most prestigious yeshivas, receiving support from a handful of wealthy families. But the idea that all observant Jews were to spend every day in study was viewed as impossible, both in practice and in principle.
And what was true for all of Jewish history was true in the Jewish state as well, at least for the first 20 years. Until the late 1970s, only 800 yeshiva students were granted army exemptions, and about 90% of Haredi men were employed.
But after Menahem Begin’s election victory in 1977, Haredi leaders, as their price for entering the government, insisted that army exemptions and financial subsidies for yeshiva study be granted to all full-time students who wanted them. And young men were pressured into studying, whether they were inclined to do so or not.
The result, according to recent figures from Israel’s finance ministry: Today in Israel, nearly 60,000 yeshiva students engage in full-time study. Only 51% of Haredim participate in the labor force, a number that has been falling, as compared with 89% for the rest of the Jewish population. Among those aged 25-34, when young men usually join the workforce, the rate is a pathetically low 41%.
Why did this happen? Because Haredi rabbis fear that any contact with secular Israeli society will destroy their young people’s faith. And cowardly secular political leaders, such as Benjamin Netanyahu, sit by in silence while the number of young people avoiding work and army service has been skyrocketing for 40 years.

The situation in the United States

And that brings us to the situation in America. Here, in theory, there should be no problem of work-shirking Haredi Jews exploiting the political system.  After all, in America the separation of religion and state is assured by the constitution, and there are no Orthodox religious parties to pressure politicians. In addition, every state in the Union mandates secular education for every child. And historically, most Orthodox Jews have participated in the workforce.
And yet, a problem has developed nonetheless.
Borough Park, a neighborhood in Brooklyn, Sept. 20, 2013.
According to the Pew Research Center survey of U.S. Jewry, more than 60% of American Orthodox Jews now identify as Haredi, and the overwhelming majority are located in the New York City area and the northeast. In a report issued last month, Young Advocates for Fair Education (YAFFED), on whose board I sit, demonstrated that the virus of radical separatism and fear of modernity, so prevalent in Israel, has also infected the Haredi community in New York City.
According to the report, many of the 57,000 students – and nearly all of the boys – in New York’s Hasidic yeshivas will graduate from high school completely unprepared to support themselves.
Since the boys’ education will mainly consist of Yiddish language religious studies, most will speak little English and have no math skills or knowledge of history or science. The result will be that they will possess few if any marketable skills and will depend heavily on various forms of public assistance. The report noted that this assistance has increased dramatically in the last decade, and 43% of Hasidic families are poor.

Mayor de Blasio panders to ultra-Orthodox voters

And why has this happened in the United States of America?
First, because extremism in the cauldron of the Israeli Haredi world foments extremism elsewhere.
And second, because America, like Israel, is not lacking in cowardly politicians of its own. As secular education in the yeshivas has deteriorated, the New York State and City education departments have looked the other way, despite laws mandating adequate education for all children in the New York City system.

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

“Don’t miss a trick, israel fines PA $18m over killing of 3 israelis in 2001. So how much does israel owe for their Gaza genocide in 2014?” is locked Don’t miss a trick, israel fines PA $18m over killing of 3 israelis in 2001. So how much does israel owe for their Gaza genocide in 2014?

MEMO | November 20, 2017

The Israeli District Court in Jerusalem has ordered the Palestinian Authority (PA) and six Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails to pay NIS62m ($18m) in compensation for Israeli settlers killed in 2001, Quds Press reported on Sunday.
Reporting Israeli media, Quds Press said that the six Palestinians, from the former Fatah’s military wing Al-Aqsa Brigades, were accused of shooting and killing three Israeli Jewish settlers in the south of the West Bank city of Ramallah in August 2001.
Israeli TV Channel 10 and Quds Press said, reported that if the PA refused to pay the money, the Israeli authorities would deduct the money from the taxes it collects on behalf of the PA.
The Israeli court ruled that the NIS62m would be paid for the families of the three dead Israeli settlers and the remaining money to be paid for the legal expenses, including the fees of the layers.
Quds Press said that the Israeli court claimed that the PA had assisted the Palestinian in carrying out the shooting as it supplied them with money and arms.
River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

Israel Minister Discloses Covert Ties with Saudi Arabia for First Time

Israeli Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz
An Israeli cabinet minister said on Sunday that Israel has had covert contacts with Saudi Arabia, a first disclosure by a senior official from either side of long-rumored secret dealings.
In an interview on Army Radio, Israeli Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz’s, a member of Netanyahu’s security cabinet, did not characterize the contacts or give details when asked why Israel was “hiding its ties” with Saudi Arabia.
He replied: ”We have ties that are indeed partly covert with many Muslim and Arab countries, and usually (we are) the party that is not ashamed.
“It’s the other side that is interested in keeping the ties quiet. With us, usually, there is no problem, but we respect the other side’s wish, when ties are developing, whether it’s with Saudi Arabia or with other Arab countries or other Muslim countries, and there is much more … (but) we keep it secret.”
The Saudi government had no immediate response to Steinitz’s remarks. A spokesman for Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu also did not respond immediately to a request to comment.
Related Articles

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

سورية والحلفاء يكسرون عظم امريكا في البوكمال .. غرناطة داعش واقتلاع المسمار الأخير



نارام سرجون

في الحروب الكبيرة تكون خسارة المعقل الأخير أقسى من خسارة كل الحرب .. وأشد مرارة في الروح من خسارة كل المدن لأنها تعني الخاتمة ونهاية عصر وبداية عصر .. وهي الخط الفاصل بين النهاية والبداية .. بين التاريخ والمستقبل .. فبرغم سقوط كل المدن الاندلسية فان ذاكرة العرب والمسلمين لايمكن أن تنسى سقوط غرناطة المدينة الاخيرة الباقية لهم في أندلسهم .. وبقيت غرناطة منذ قرابة 600 سنة تنبض كالقهر والعار في وجدانهم دون بقية المدن التي خرجوا منها وكأنها كانت كل الأندلس ..

فبقاء حي واحد أو شارع في مدينة محاصرة عصيا على الخصم فانه يعني أن المدافع لايزال على قيد الحياة وأن جثته لاتزال فيها بعض الروح والنبض في جسد مثخن بالجراح وقد فقد الوعي وصار ينزف ببطء حتى الموت .. ولاينتشي الفائز بنصره كاملا الا باغماد خنجره في طعنة الرحمة القاتلة في القلب ليحتفل بأعلى صوت .. ولذلك تكون آخر المعارك من الأشرس على الاطلاق حيث يستميت الخصوم في القتال لما للنصر من أهمية رمزية لاتضاهى ..

من بين كل المعارك التي خاضتها القوات السورية وحلفاؤها فان معركة البوكمال لها مذاق خاص ووقع خاص لأنها غرناطة مملكة داعش .. وبشكل أدق انها “غرناطة” أميريكا والمدينة الأخيرة الباقية في الشرق الرهيب الذي أرادت أن تبنيه اميريكا من جماجمنا .. ولذلك فقد قررت أميريكا أن تكون هذه المدينة كالعظمة في الحلق .. والطعنة في الظهر .. وجيبا متقيحا في الجغرافيا الأهم بين سورية والعراق .. الأميريكيون يريدون نصرا ناقصا لسورية وحلفائها ويراد للمعركة في البوكمال أن تقول بأن الثمن الذي تريده اميريكا لخروجها من سورية ليس كافيا ولم يتم الاتفاق عليه .. بل وأعلن الاميريكيون انهم باقون في سورية حتى التسوية السياسية وأعلنوا عن عديد قواتهم التي في البيانات الرسمية هي بحدود 506 جنود وفي زلات اللسان تتجاوز الأربعة آلاف .. ولكن هناك مأزق قانوني وشرعي للأميريكيين لايستهان به .. فاذا ما تم دحر داعش في النقطة الأخيرة في البوكمال فان تبرير وجود اميريكا حتى بذريعة انتظار التسوية لم يعد قانونيا ولاشرعيا ولايغطيه قرار مجلس الأمن الذي حصلت عليه لصناعة التحالف الكبير المفوض بمحاربة داعش وليس بتحقيق التسوية .. والبوكمال هي النقطة الأخيرة التي بقيت في شرعية الوجود الاميريكي .. وهي تشبه مسمار جحا وتتعلق اميريكا بها كما يحدث عندما يبتر ذراع محارب ولايبقى معلقا بالجسد الا من خلال قطعة جلد صغيرة بعد قطع العظم واللحم ..

وقرر الاميريكيون جعل معركة البوكمال مكلفة واستقدموا كل مخزون الانتحاريين وأرسلوا أشرس المقاتلين الى المدينة وعززوا ذلك بنقل مقاتلي دير الزور وغيرها الى البوكمال وقاموا حتى بحرب الكترونية عالية التقنية لمنع الطيران الروسي من تحقيق قصف ورصد دقيقين والقيام بعمليات التنسيق والاستطلاع .. ولتأخير النصر وجعل المعركة صعبة يجب ان تكون مكلفة جدا سياسيا وعسكريا .. فحاول الأميريكيون ابتزاز السوريين والروس بالملف الكيماوي الذي طرحوه للنقاش كهراوة تهديد من أجل ابقاء جيب البوكمال منطقة باردة ومحايدة حتى اتمام الاتفاقات النهائية .. ولكن الابتزاز لم يفلح وكسر الروس الهراوة الاميريكية دون أي اكتراث ..

وبالمقابل قرر الحلفاء أن أميريكا يجب أن يكسر رأسها وعظمها في آخر معركة في البوكمال لما تعنيه المعركة الأخيرة في الشرق من الحد الفاصل بين النهايات والبدايات .. وبين الجد واللعب .. فتم حشد قوات فائقة التدريب لها مهمة واحدة فقط هي اقتلاع أميريكا من البوكمال .. بالقوة .. وقد بدأ العظم الأميريكي يتكسر ولم يبق من ذراع اميريكا الا آخر قطعة جلد معلقة ..

بالنسبة لنا كسوريين فان دمشق كانت في نظر الأميريكيين معركة غرناطة الأخيرة لهم التي ستخرج هذا الشرق من التاريخ ومن الزمن وترسم النهايات والبدايات بعد أن خرجت القاهرة وبغداد والقدس وبيروت وعدن .. ولكن يقول التاريخ أن غرناطة الاندلس كان يحكمها بقايا ملوك الطوائف وملك صغير هو عبدالله الصغير .. وكان الاميريكيون يريدون أن يحكم دمشق زعماء الطوائف و شخص معارض من مقاس (أبو عبدالله الصغير) وكانت من أجل تلك الغاية تفصّل كل يوم واحدا جديدا وصغيرا جديدا وصعلوكا جديدا .. أما دمشق فلن تكون غرناطة .. ولايمكن ان تسقط .. لأنه ليس فيها ابو عبدالله الصغير وليس فيها صغار ولن تقبل أن تحكمها الطوائف ..

مايجب أن نعرفه الآن أن درس غرناطة التاريخي لالبس فيه .. وهو أن المدن التي يحكمها الصغار والعملاء وملوك الطوائف لاتصمد أمام الفاتحين .. وان غرناطة الاندلس لم تكن لتسقط لو لم يحكمها بقايا ملوك الطوائف والملوك الصغار .. ولذلك فان كل من خاض الحرب ضد سورية وتحصن في مدنها باسم الطوائف وملوكهم وأمرائهم من العربان خرج من كل المدن السورية التي غزاها باسم الطوائف .. وعلى العكس فانه هو من صارت له مدينة أخيرة تمثل غرناطته الطائفية التي يحاول الحفاظ عليها يائسا .. وهي مسماره الأخير .. وفي كل غرناطة طائفية صنعها الاميركيون والاتراك والسعوديون كان هناك (ملوك صغار) .. ففي غوطة دمشق غرناطة السعودية ومسمارها الأخير .. والتي سيتم اقتلاعها كما اقتلعت غرناطة أميريكا الداعشية في البوكمال وصغار الخلفاء الدواعش .. ولتركيا غرناطتها الأخيرة في ادلبوملوكها الصغار وهي تحاول تحييدها وابعادها عن نفاذ صبر الحلفاء .. ولاسرائيل غرناطتها الأخيرة وعملاؤها في الجنوب السوري والتي ستقتلع من جذورها ..

وعلى كل من كان يبني غرناطته وزمن حكم الطوائف في أي مكان من سورية أو يتحصن في غرناطته .. عليه أن يتذكر أننا قادمون كالقدر لكسر عظم من يقف في مدن الشرق ليحيلها الى غرناطة من الطوائف .. ولسحق لحمه واقتلاعه كالمسمار الأخير .. ولايهمنا من كان معه .. سواء كانت أميريكا أو السعودية أو اسرائيل أو تركيا أو الأكراد الانفصاليون ..

ولاشك أن لحن تحرير المدن والأراضي يكون أجمل دوما في المدينة الأخيرة ..

استمعوا للحن اقتلاع المسمار في البوكمال .. وللحن كسر العظم الأميريكي وهو يطقطق على ضفة الفرات .. وانتظروا .. سقوط كل الغرناطات التي يحكمها عباد الله الصغار .. وممالك الطوائف ..


River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

Sayyed Nasrallah Slams Silence over Yemen Misery: Daesh’s State Toppled with Albukamal Victory



20-11-2017 | 21:54
Hezbollah Secretary General His Eminence Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah delivered on Monday a televised speech in which he tackled the latest political developments in the region and Lebanon.
At the beginning of his speech, Sayyed Nasrallah condoled both the Iraqi and Iranian people over the victims who fell due to the recent earthquake that hit both countries.
He further condoled the Iranian leadership, Imam Khamenei and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani for the same reason.
On the first level, Sayyed Nasrallah commented on the victory scored last week on both the Iraqi and Syrian fronts in the fight against Daesh [Arabic Acronym for the terrorist “ISIS”/ “ISIL”].
“We’re in front of a great strategic victory by liberating Albukamal from Daesh,” His Eminence said, noting that ” this comes as Al-Rahwa was the last town in Iraq which was held by Daesh and was liberated.”
In addition, Sayyed Nasrallah recalled that years ago, “since they established the conspiracy of Daesh, we cooperated with Iraqi authorities and sent a number of Resistance fighters.”
“We’re waiting for the final victory,” Sayyed Nasrallah mentioned, pointing out that “if there is no need for Hezbollah fighters in Iraq anymore, we will withdraw them and send them to areas needed.”
As His Eminence predicted that “It is not far that the final victory over Daesh will be announced soon,” he viewed that “with liberating Albukamal we can announce the end of so-called Daesh caliphate or state. The victory over Daesh was victory of Islamic values over terrorists’ savagery.”
“After Deir Ez-Zor and Aleppo, the plan to divide Syria has failed,” he stated, underscoring that “the US greatly supported and aided Daesh in Albukamal.”
He further stated: “In Albukamal, the Americans secured ways for Daesh to move around. They did not strike from the air at Daesh and they did not allow the Syrian and Russian air forces to strike. When Daesh lost in Albukamal, the Americans helped the rest of militants withdraw.”
In addition His Eminence revealed that “the US sent its drones to Albukamal and provided Daesh with accurate information about what was going on. The American forces also provided air transfer for Daesh commanders and facilitated their escape to eastern shores of the Euphrates.”
“The Americans wanted Daesh to stay in Albukamal until the end. They also waged electronic warfare against forces that were fighting to liberate Albukamal,” he mentioned, warning of the coming American schemes: “Tomorrow or the day after, Daesh will join the so-called “Syrian Democratic Forces” [SDF]. Daesh will be recreated under different names.”
According to His Eminence, another proof of the American support to Daesh is what Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has revealed from US financial supporting to Daesh.
In addition, Sayyed Nasrallah asserted that “the Syrian, Iraqi and Lebanese people need to see who formed Daesh and who tasked them with carrying out terrorist acts and who fought them.”
Meanwhile, the Resistance Leader thanked all fighters , officers, soldiers in the Syrian Army as well as the Iraqi Resistance forces, the Fatmyoun, Zaynbyon, Haidarion and all other branches.
Sayyed Nasrallah also thanked the Leader of the Iranian Al-Quds Forces, Major General Qaseem Suleimani for leading the battle in Albukamal forefronts
“The history will doubtlessly write the name of General Suleimani as a great leader,” he said, pointing out that “this big leader was present from the 1st day of Albukamal battle and was on the forefront of the confrontations and he might have been martyred at any moment.”
Furthermore, His Eminence thanked the Russian forces for the way they helped in fighting Daesh.
On another level, Sayyed Nasrallah slammed the Arab League’s moved of classifying Hezbollah as ‘ terrorist. “These accusations are expected and not new.”
To Arab League ministers, who gathered in Cairo, Sayyed Nasrallah asked: “What have you done to defeat and confront Daesh?”
“As forces, including Hezbollah, were liberating Albukamal from Daesh that everyone considers a terrorist organization, people were blacklisting Hezbollah as terrorist,” the Resistance Leader lamented.
To the Saudis and other ministers, His Eminence sent a sounding question: “Where are your emirs, Where are your leaders? What have you done to defeat Daesh?”
Predicting that countries will be threatened to be blacklisted as ‘terrorists’ because of their support tp the Resistance, as it’s the case with Lebanon, he clearly declared: “We officially state that we sent no weapons to Yemen, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait and not to even any Arab country.”
“We proudly reveal that we armed the Palestinian Resistance, by rockets like the Kornet in Gaza and in Syria we are fighting with our weapons.” Sayyed Nasrallah affirmed.
The Resistance Leader went on to say: “The calamity and reason that gathered the Arabs in the Arab League is the ballistic missile that hit Saudi Arabia.”
“The talk about Hezbollah ballistic missiles is an empty one that seeks only to increase accusations on us. Do they have any proof?” he added.
Commenting on AL’s statement that if the Lebanese government don’t solve Hezbollah’s weapons their stability is threatened, Sayyed Nasrallah reminded the Arab minister, particularly the Bahraini and Saudi ones that the biggest threat to Lebanon was and still is “Israel”.
To them, Sayyed Nasrallah said: “When you don’t interfere in Lebanon, stability is guaranteed. Don’t incite “Israel” against Lebanon. Who’s going to protect Lebanon from “Israel”? You? Your army? Your warplanes?”
To Arabs and Muslims, the Resistance Leader emphasized: “You can listen to “Israeli” comments on coordination between them and some Arab countries, especially Saudi Arabia.”
“It’s enough to quote the criminal former “Israeli” War Minister Moshe Yaalon who said: ‘It is not by accident that Adel Al-Jubeir says in Arabic what we say in Hebrew.”
“The main problem for Saudi Arabia is that they don’t understand that Yemenis have brains and are strong and they can produce their own weapons. They think that that the Yemenis are like them,” he stressed.”
Slamming the fact that “no one in the Arab world dares to question Saudi crimes in Yemen,” Sayyed Sayyed Nasrallah addressed the Arab ministers over Yemen by asking:
“Do you guys have religion? Is this the Arab dignity? Do you not have consciences, hearts, brains? Are you humans? Aren’t the Yemenis Arab?”
“Ask Saudi Arabia to stop the crushing of children’s bones and its massacres. Press for a political solution and this scary and suspicious silence in the Islamic world is unacceptable,” he confirmed.
Regarding the misery in Yemen, His Eminence wondered” “Is it possible that there we witness millions of Yemenis dying from Saudi bombing, blockade and cholera? Everyone is quiet on this, for the most part. Just call on Saudi Arabia to halt its massacres.”
On the Lebanese internal front, Sayyed Nasrallah announced that “Hezbollah is still waiting for the return of the PM Saad Hariri, who to us hasn’t resigned yet.”
He further thanked the Lebanese official Lebanese stance in the Arab League
To the Resistance people, Sayyed Nasrallah said: “Complete your path and road of major victories, not the latest will be the victory scored in Albukamal.”
Source: Al-Ahed news 
Related Articles
Related Articles

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

ISRAEL’S MILITARY EXPENDITURES AND MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX – OVERVIEW AND DYNAMICS


Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
20.11.2017
Over the course of decades, the US and Israel have maintained close bilateral relations based on long-term, stable pro-Israel US policies. Traditionally they have rendered strong support to Israel, since the two countries are allies, have shared strategic interests in the Middle East (concern with Iran, Assad regime in Syria, and Islamic extremism), and adherence to a shared definition of democratic values. US aid helped Israel transform its military into one of the most technologically advanced in the world. Since the Jewish state is heavily limited in its human, territorial, and material resources, it had to emphasize qualitative superiority in the region, and US aid did much to sustain that superiority.
The biggest element of US-Israeli military-technical cooperation is military aid. Israel is the main recipient of US military aid in the form of grants and direct deliveries of equipment on advantageous terms. Since 1976, Israel has been the biggest recipient of annual US aid, and since 1987 of US military aid. In addition, by some estimates Israel receives $1 billion a year in the form of charity contributions, and a similar sum through short- and long-term funds. US provide aid to Israel in various forms: Foreign Military Sales, Direct Commercial Sales, Excess Defense Articles, and also funds to support research and development. Moreover, the Foreign Military Financing program implemented by the US Department of State has become, over the years, the largest of all such programs implemented by the US. One should note that, for example, out of $5.7 billion budgeted for this program in 2014, $3.1 went to Israel, In other words, Israel obtains more military assistance through this program than the rest of the world combined. This sum does not include the financing for Israel’s ABM programs, which are estimated at another $500 million. Unlike other programs, FMF allows Israel to spend up to 25% of US-provided funding on own military programs. All other countries receiving military aid must spend it only on US weapons and equipment.
The US military assistance annual totals are presented in the following table.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Click to see the full-size image
One should note that the true amounts of US aid are unknown, since the value of financing, services, and military equipment are provided only for FMF and DCS (Direct Commercial Sales) Programs.
The long-term US-Israel treaty on military assistance deserves separate treatment. The new agreement concluded in September 2016 states the US will provide Israel with $38 billion of aid between 2018 and 2027. This agreement will enter into force upon the expiration of the current one in December 2017, under which the US gave Israel $3 billion every year ($30 billion over 10 years).
US National Security Advisor Susan Rice noted the deal “will represent a significant increase of support and provision of means to modernize most of its fighter fleet, increase land unit mobility, and strengthen ABM capabilities.” This is a record sum in the whole history of US military deals, but Israel was forced to make concessions in order to get it. For example, Israel’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu demanded an increase to $4.5 billion/year. But in the end Israel not only got a lower sum but also had to give up on additional assistance from US Congress and transition to buying only US military equipment within six years. Moreover, Israel’s leader promised not to turn to members of Congress to ask for more, even though he used to have that right, to the tune of up to $500 million/year.
The increase of aid and the new agreement a year before old one’s expiration is surprising, because Obama-Netanyahu relations were complicated. It’s very likely the hurry in reaching new deal was motivated by desire to use it as a campaign prop for Hillary Clinton. It’s no secret Israel’s government circles would have preferred to sign a deal with Trump who is an open supporter of Israel. The new deal was one way or the other supposed to compensate the Jewish state for the lifting of sanctions on Iran and push Israel toward more concessions in the Palestinian question. US and Israeli experts believe that even of Obama and Netanyahu failed to reach an agreement, the aid would have been provided, only through a different venue. Both parties in Congress have good relations with Israel, US has a large Jewish diaspora and a much larger Christian Evangelical community which also has strong influence and supports warm relations.
As far as relations with Trump’s administration are concerned, it’s too early to draw conclusions. It’s possible the agreement will be revisited and aid increased on the condition Israel buys more US equipment. One has to keep in mind the new president actively defends interests of own MIC and could damage relations with Netanyahu and Israeli MIC. But irrespective of who is in the White House, military aid and cooperation are a priority matter since both sides are interested in access to the other partner’s technologies and markets, and Israel moreover wants US financial aid.
But there are also foes of such deals in Israel, including its MIC. They are strongly opposed to spending 75% on US equipment. A senior MIC official, the head of the Manufacturer’s Association of Israel (MAI) Shraga Brosh, said: “Adopting Obama’s plan (the 2016 deal) would be a death blow to Israel’s defense manufacturing and loss of thousands of jobs to the Americans.” MAI data states Israel’s MIC employs 15% of the country’s workers, and each billion spent supports 2,000 jobs in the MIC and 5,500 jobs in the rest of the economy.
In addition to money, US provides Israel with most advanced weapons. At the top of the list are ABM systems and combat aircraft. Israel closed its own fighter development program, and since the mid-‘80s its fleet consists of F-15s and -16s and their variants. Their gradual obsolescence has motivated Israel’s military leaders to renew the fleet. Israel chose the newest US F-35 multirole fighters. The first Israeli F-35I Adir (Powerful) arrived in the country on December 12, 2016. As of November 2017, Israel has 7 F-35s. By 2020 Israel is to receive 33 fighters and 4 flight simulators, valued at $5.3 billion. The contract calls for a total of 50 aircraft. Ultimately Israeli air force should get about 100 F-35s.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics

Israel has become not only the first US ally to receive the newest fighter (as noted on June 19, 2013 by Lockheed-Martin VP Steve O’Brien at Le Bourget), but the only to have the right to mount own systems on the plane (the suffix I means the aircraft are built for Israel and have Israeli avionics). These demands have considerably delayed in the negotiations on procuring the first batch.
This raises the question of this plane’s application. The current F-15/16 are well suited to fighting Hamas or Hezbollah. IDF is not at war with radical Islamists. But Israel’s rhetoric toward Iran has become more and more belligerent in recent years. Therefore it’s logical to assume the 5th generation fighters are supposed to deter Iran’s military, which are seen by US and Israel as the most likely adversary in the region. In addition, Israel’s adoption of F-35 addresses a number of problems for the US. US MIC gets an order that will be partly paid for by Israel. Israel buys aircraft from US, not elsewhere. The potential theater of war receives more squadrons of latest fighters deployed in US interests.

This year’s Israel’s defense budget

Structure, main categories, aims, and goals
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Click to see the full-size image
The most important parts of the defense budget are classified. Only the total sum of defense expenditures is known, and the parts of the budget not related to procurement or R&D. 2017 defense budget was 70.7 billion shekels. Only 15.4 billion are in the unclassified parts. The most important among those are the retirement benefits (7.85 billion shekels), the Disabled Rehabilitation Division (3.42 billion shekels), the Department of Families and Commemoration (1,65 billion shekels). Other available totals are salaries (6.1 billion in 2013), education (250 billion in 2013), fortifications on the border with Gaza strip (380 million in 2013), life insurance, training center construction, the national de-mining agency, financing the work of delegations, etc. Moreover, in the event of combat operations the MOD can obtain additional funding. For example, during the 2006 war with Lebanon the MOD received additional 8.2 billion shekels, the 2014 Immovable Rock operation received 7.2 billion. The defense budget has one additional peculiarity. Some programs are financed not only by MOD but also other ministries. For example, Gaza fortifications, training centers, the Libi Fund (a charity organization supporting the IDF).  Here one should note US aid accounts for 25-30% of defense budget. Israeli defense expenditures have shown a trend toward becoming a lower share of state budget. In 2010, defense accounted for 23.2% of all spending, in 2015—20.4%, in 2016—19.8%.
IDF modernization plans
The IDF currently represents a unique combination of nuclear weapons and delivery means, weapons produced in the 1960s, and ultra-modern weapons on a par with leading world powers. This combination is its minuses, and therefore IDF leadership is undertaking measures to ensure it can oppose modern threats.
The five-year Gideon Plan adopted in 2015 and stretching to 2020 was described in “Israeli Defense Forces: Military Capabilities, Scenarios for the Third Lebanon War” (https://southfront.org/israeli-defense-forces-military-capabilities-scenarios-for-the-third-lebanon-war/).
In August 2015, IDF General Staff issued a report titled “IDF Strategy” outlining its aims concerning vital national interests and national security concepts it adopted. The Strategy asserts that WMD threats to Israel have decreased due to the destruction of Syria’s chemical arsenal and the shuttering of chemical and nuclear weapons programs in Iraq and Libya. Israel is instead threatened by the growing power of non-state actors such as ISIS and other terror groups such as Jabhat al-Nusra. The Strategy also perceives Hezbollah and Hamas as dangerous foes possessing an arsenal of almost 100,000 rockets that could hit early every military or civilian target in Israel.
IDF also plan a range of technological modernizations and structural reforms in all three branches of service. IDF are trying to adapt to a new reality. Its tank fleet has decreased by 75% since 1985 and obsolete fighter fleet by 50%. It is investing heavily in expanding its submarine fleet (six Dolphin/Tanin boats instead of current five) which can launch nuclear-capable missiles this becoming Israel’s second nuclear strike force. In the last 20 years the IDF increased its drone fleet by a factor of 5 and enhanced intelligence-gathering capabilities, including in cyberspace.
Starting in 2013, IDF began withdrawing US M16 rifles from all land forces units in favor of own Tavor. IDF is replacing obsolete M113 APCs with new ones (which actually are something between an IFV and a tank) of the Namer and Eithan types, and is modernizing existing Achzarits. The core of IDF artillery corps, M109 howitzers, will be gradually replaced with ATMOS 2000 produced by Elbit. Israeli air force plans to buy 100 F-35 fighters equipped with Israeli avionics. They will use Israeli radars, guided bombs, and air-to-air missiles. IDF also plans to withdraw all manned aircraft and use only strike UAVs. Israel’s navy is expanding its submarine fleet. Of the current five boats, two most recent ones entered service in 2014 and 2016. The sixth is expected in 2018. The IDF is also modernizing its surface fleet by modernizing automated combat systems of its Sa’ar 5 and Sa’ar 4.5 corvettes and missile boats. It will order four Sa’ar 6 and three Sa’ar 72 corvettes, the latter being enlarged and improved Sa’ar 4.5 boats.
One may draw the conclusion that military and political leaders are mainly concerned with rearming its air and naval components. The IDF of the ‘60s-‘80s, armed with masses of tanks and aircraft and consisting of 10% of population is fading into the past. It is being replaced by a relatively small professional army armed with heavy IFVs, 5th-generation fighters, and lots of UAVs, including strike ones, indigenous ABM systems capable of competing with anything else in the world. This military will be able to resist modern threats and pose a challenge to regional powers. The latter priority is becoming more evident in the recent rhetoric concerning Iran and Syria. Thus it can’t be ruled out the military won’t shift from words to deeds. Layered air and missile defense systems apparently are giving Israel’s leaders a sense of security and impunity. Which is a deceptive sense. No ABM system can give 100% security, which was demonstrated during the Gaza strip conflict in November 2012. Tests of these systems took place in near-ideal conditions, in order to demonstrate capabilities and secure a contract, rather than against a mass launch of rockets.

Israel’s Military Industrial Complex

Israel’s military industrial complex (MIC) is the leading component of the country’s economy. It concentrates the country’s high-tech R&D, production, and economic potential. The defense industry produces weapons for own military and for export. Israel, which is only 95th in terms of population and 148th in terms of territory, is one of the top 10 exporters of arms. Israel’s MIC is peculiar in that it is export oriented—nearly 75% of its products are for foreign customers. This is due to the prolonged US-Israeli military, technological, and scientific collaboration, Israeli firms’ access to modern US technologies, long-term US financial aid to Israel’s civilian and defense economies, the mass staffing of the MIC with highly qualified cadres from among immigrants from former USSR.
Israel currently has state organizations engaged in R&D at the national and ministerial level, and also research institutions, universities, and other private and state entities. National-level state institutions include the Ministerial Science and Technology Committee (the central state organization dealing with R&D) and the Ministry of Science and Development.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Click to see the full-size image
Defense industry includes missile/space, aviation, armored vehicle, small arms and artillery, ship-building, and radio-electronic branches. The most developed are the military radio-electronics, missile weapons, armored vehicles and aviation equipment (though not aircraft or helicopters), artillery and small arms. In these realms, Israel has firms controlling the full technological cycle and does not need to import components.
R&D is well-funded, benefits from conflict experience, and is based on futuristic concepts of combat operations. Israel currently has the largest per-capita concentration of start-ups. In 2014 Israeli start-ups set a record in attracting investment, at $3.4 billion, which exceeded 2013 by 46%. In 2015 the market grew by another 30%.
The core of defense industry are two state firms: Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) and Israel Military Industries (IMI), as well as the Rafael Armament Development Authority of Israel.
IAI was founded in 1952, is headquartered at Lod, employs 16,000, and has annual sales of about $4 billion (2014). It consists of several departments: Electronics Division, Technology Division, and Aircraft Division. IAI has subsidiaries and affiliates (ELTA Systems Ltd which develops radars, communications, EW; Bedek Aviation Group, which services aircraft, engines, and components). IAI conducts research, development, production, servicing, and sales of aviation equipment, mainly drones, missile and space systems, air-defense systems, electronic, optical, and electro-mechanical equipment. Affiliates develop and produce Shavit space-launch vehicles, Jericho-1 SRBMs and Jericho-2 IRBMs, Gabriel SSMs, rocket artillery, electronic components, navigational systems, ballistic missile and SLV engines, telemetry systems, inertial navigation and guidance systems, gyrostabilized platforms and tools, and also the production of mechanical, electronic, and electro-mechanical equipment. IAI also develops and modernizes aviation equipment and Israeli naval warships.
IMI was founded in 1933, is based in Ramat HaSharon, employs over 3,000. In April 2014 an agreement was signed on privatizing IMI. However, several strategic production lines which the state wants to preserve under its direct control due to secrecy and security will be transferred into the specially formed Tomer state company. IMI conducts R&D, produces small arms and artillery equipment, armored vehicles for land, air, and naval forces, all types of munitions, rocket launch systems, composites, inertial guidance systems, radioelectronics, shipboard management systems, and other products.

Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics

Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. Was founded in 1948, employs about 7,500, including 1,500 engineers and technicians, and has gross income of over $2.3 billion (2016). It is a specialized scientific organization serving Israel’s MOD which conducts R&D, modernization, development and production of new types of weapons and equipment. Rafael deals with the whole spectrum of modern technologies, including: guided and unguided rockets, EW, protection of communications lines, armor active defense systems, optronics, night vision, computers, fire direction, telemetry, and training range equipment. The firm also researches and produces solid rocket fuel for ballistic missiles and SLVs, fuselages for such rockets, nozzles, coverings, state separation systems, rocket launchers, ballistic missile warheads, detonators, thrust control mechanisms, high-temperature burn chambers, thermal-resistant and composite materials, development and testing of Jericho-2 warheads. It also conducts research on future composites, and on ballistics and aerodynamics. Currently its attention is focused on perfecting Iron Dome and David’s Sling ABM systems, and on Trophy active defense for tanks and IFVs.

In recent years, mergers in defense industry meant the number of firms has decreased, and individual firms have broader areas of responsibility and political influence. This is particularly applicable to Elbit.
Elbit was founded in 1967, is based in Haifa, and has a gross income of $3.3 billion. It employs about 13,000. It is the biggest privately-owned defense firm in Israel. It includes such formerly big firms as Soltam (artillery), Elisra Group (military communications, missile attack warning systems, active jamming, laser and IR detection systems for aircraft and ships). It develops and produces UAVs, avionics, radars, artillery fire direction, automated battlefield command systems, military communications. Elbit’s subdivisions develop and produce electronics and components, IR and laser systems, flight data collection and processing systems, computerized diagnostics stands for complex systems, test stands imitating outer space, communications, space and land tracking and telemetry systems. Elbit also conducts research into digital technologies, aerodynamic forms, thermal-resistant and composite materials, and analytical work on high and low pressure, ultra-high and –low temperatures, testing of space systems, equipment, materials, and components for reliability.
The firm also produces training simulators for land and air forces. It was particularly successful in modernizing obsolete Soviet equipment.
Israel Shipyards is one of the largest ship-building and –repair firms in the country. Founded in 1959, it employs over 300 workers. It produces missile boats, patrol boats, tugs, multi-purpose boats and cranes. Its facilities are located in the Haifa harbor.
Aeronautics Defense Systems Ltd. It was founded in 1997 and is based in Yavna. Its gross income in 2015 was $150 million. It specializes in military and commercial UAVs.
Main achievements in arms manufacture
The biggest successes were achieved in UAVs and ABM systems.
UAVs
IAI Heron. Long-range UAV. One of the most exported Israeli UAVs. First flight 1994, top speed 200km/h, operating radius up to 1,500km, endurance up to 46h, take-off weight 1150kg. A single UAV can track six targets at one time and designate them for fighters, helicopters, and missiles. Sold to Brazil, India, Turkey, and others. France’s EADS Harfang is based on the Heron.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
IAI Eitan. Further development of Heron, the largest military UAV in the world. First flight 2004, top speed 370km/h, flight radius of up to 7,400km, endurance of up to 36hrs, max T/O weight 4650kg. This UAV is equipped with radioelectronic reconnaissance systems, there are reports it can be equipped with guided weapons. There are reports of its sale to India.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
IAI Bird-eye 400. Mini-UAV. First flight 2003, 10km flight radius, 1hr endurance, T/O weight 5.5kg. Used for target reconnaissance fire spotting and correction, discovering UAV and airplane crash sites. It may be stowed in two backpacks and carried to launch site by two individuals.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Hermes 450. Developed by Elbit. First flight 1994, 170km/h top speed, 200km radius, 14h endurance, 450kg T/O weight. Made of composites, which makes detection more difficult. The UAV is equipped with optronic, IR, and laser sensors and datalinks capable of providing real-time imagery to ground control stations. Delivered to Azerbaijan, Brazil, Columbia, Mexico, and other countries.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Hermes 900. Developed by Elbit. First flight 2009. 220km/h speed, 1500km radius, 36h endurance, 970kg T/O weight. Includes satellite comms, optronics, moving target detection radar, EW systems, laser rangefinder/designator, and a datalink allowing real-time image transmission. The UAV is modular, allowing quick change of components and sensors. Delivered to Chile, Brazil, Columbia, Mexico, Switzerland.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Hermes 1500. Developed by Elbit. First flight 1997, 300km/h speed, 200km radius, 40h endurance, 1650kg T/O weight. Resembles a light aircraft. It is intended for observation, patrol, reconnaissance, and maintaining communications during combat operations.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Silver Arrow Sniper. Developed by Elbit. First shown in 1998. Top speed 176km/h, 200km radius, 6h endurance, 170kg T/O weight. Intended for battlefield reconnaissance, artillery fire correction, and data collection for special ops troops during day or night.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
IDF anti-ballistic missile systems
Iron Dome tactical ABM. Developed by Rafael. Short-range ABM layer of the country, used for protection from unguided tactical rockets with ranges of 4-70km. The first battery became operation in March 2011. During the November 2012 Operation Pillar of Cloud Iron Dome inercepted 421 rockets fired from Gaza strip. Israeli specialists estimate its effectiveness at 85%.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Battery composition
  • Elta EL/M-2084 mutlirole radar to identify targets and determine their trajectory. Since nearly 75% of Qassam rockets miss their targets, the radar permits trajectory analysis in order to avoid launching at rockets that will hit unpopulated areas. This greatly reduces the cost of using this ABM system.
  • Fire direction center.
  • Three or four launchers with 20 Tamir missiles each. Each rocket is 3m long, has 160mm caliber, and weighs 90kg. Active radar guidance. Non-contact fuse.
David’s Sling (also known as Magic Wand) ABM System. Joint development by Rafael and Raytheon. Israel’s medium-range ABM defense. Used to intercept aircraft, SRBMs, unguided large-caliber artillery rockets with range of 70-300km, and subsonic cruise missiles. Ceiling of 50km with missile speed of up to M 7.5. The missile is a two-stage system with two orientation and guidance systems (radar and optronic sensors). The first two batteries became operational at the IDF Hatzor airbase in April 2017.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
Click to see the full-size image
Arrow-2 ABM system. Jointly developed by IAI and US Missile Defense Agency. Work began in 1986. The first battery was deployed in 2000. Since 2009, IAI and Boeing have been working on the new Arrow-3 which will use a kinetic-impact warhead instead of blast-fragmentation of Arrow-2. It will also have a thrust-vectoring rocket motor. Arrow-3 is supposed to intercept ballistic missiles with ranges of 400-2,000km.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
The mobile Arrow Weapon System includes:
  • EL/M-2080 Green Pine early warning active phased array radar (Arrow-3 will have Super Green Pine or Great Pine).
  • Golden Citron/Citron Tree command point manufactured by Tadiran Telecom.
  • Communications center.
  • Brown Hazelnut/Hazelnut Tree launch control point, manufactured by IAI.
  • Four mobile vertical launch systems for Arrow-2 missiles (6 missiles each, in individual transport/launch containers).
  • Support equipment, including power generator and radar cooling system.
The radar can detect and track up to 12 discrete targets at one time, and engage one of them with two Arrow-2s. Detection range of 800-900km. Maximum intercept radius is up to 100km, ceiling of 50km (Arrow-3—100km). Arrow-2 has a speed of 2-3km/s and its interception probability is estimated at 90%.
Iron Beam tactical ABM. Developed by Rafael, first shown in 2014, and described as adopted into IDF service in 2016. This system is supposed to supplement Iron Dome and is used to intercept very short range rockets, drones, artillery shells at range of up to 7km. The system uses a laser as its kill mechanism. It includes a radar, a command post, and two laser weapons. It was reported as successful in tests against artillery shells.
Export contracts and future prospects
In 2016, Israel’s defense exports reached $6.5 billion, distributed as follows:
  • 20%: modernization of aircraft and helicopters.
  • 18%: observation and monitoring systems, optronics.
  • 15%: missile and air defense.
  • 13%: land forces weapons and munitions.
  • 12% radars and EW
  • 8% : cybersecurity and intelligence-gathering
  • 7%: UAVs.
  • 4%: communications.
  • 1%: naval systems.
Most of the orders went to the Asia-Pacific region, totaling $2.6 billion, then Europe at %1.79 billion, North America $1.26 billion, Latin America $550 million, and Africa $275 million.
By way of comparison: In 2015 the largest export sectors were modernization of aircraft and helicopters and delivery of munitions, each with 14%. Radars were 12%, UAVs, observation systems and optronics each at 11%. Communications accounted for 0%, ABM and air defense for 6%, satellite systems 5% and naval systems 2%.
In 2015, the largest market for Israeli military products became Asia-Pacific, which bought $2.32 billion of Israeli weapons. Europe signed contracts for $1.63 billion, North America $1.02 billion, Latin America $577 million, and Africa $163 million.
Contracts
The following is media-provided information about Israeli defense firms foreign contracts.
IAI
Some of the wings (some assessments claim up to 1/3 of total volume) for F-35 fighters are produced at IAI plants. The contract was signed in the first half of 2013, was prolonged several times, and currently is expected to run until 2034. The contract with Lockheed Martin is worth $2.5 billion. As of July 2016, IAI delivered 10 wings, 8 more were to be supplied by the end of the year. IAI is supposed to produce about 800 wings total under the contract. IAI also wants to obtain a contract to service engines, and in this it is supported by IDF air command because currently F-35s supplied to Israel must undergo servicing at Pratt&Whitney facilities.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
On March 27, 2017, IAI obtained a contract to supply aircraft direction finding and observation systems for an air force of an unspecified state in Asia. The value of the contract is $630 million. Other details are unknown. On the same day IAI signed two contracts with two unidentified Latin American states. Under the first, IAI will deliver border monitoring systems which include Bird-Eye 650D, Bird-Eye 400, and HoverMast 100 mini-UAVs, and static and mobile land-based monitoring equipment. These systems will be used for early detection of threats in the border zone. The second contract obligates IAI to build a national cyber-center. Elta will coordinate work on this project which will enable the buyer to repel cyberattacks, train personnel, and establish venues for information exchanges. The first contract’s value is unknown, the second one is worth about $50-60 million.

Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics 
On April 6, 2017 IAI signed a contract for MRSAM medium-range SAMs and control systems for Indian Navy. IAI will also deliver long-range SAMs, with missiles being manufactured in India. MRSAM was developed jointly by IAI and India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), with assistance from Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd, IAI’s own ELTA, and various Indian firms including  BEL (Bharat Electronics Ltd), BDL (Bharat Dynamics Ltd), and others. Each MRSAM system consists of command post, tracking radar, and missile launchers. Missiles have range of 70km and maximum speed of Mach 2. The contract is worth $2 billion and is the largest in the entire history of Israel’s MIC.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
On May 21, 2017 IAI signed a contract to supply fire control and guidance systems for shipboard Barak-8 SAM. The contract was signed with India’s BEL, which is to build four warships for India’s navy. This agreement supplements the naval SAM contract signed on April 6, 2017. This contract is worth $630 million.
In October 2017 IAI delivered an improved satellite communications system (ELK-1891 SATCOM) to an unnamed country. The contract covers several dozen onboard and ground terminals for helicopters. The system allows voice and transmissions and consists of an antenna, high frequency amplifier, modem, and avionics interface. No further details are available.
In October 2017 IAI delivered a 3D air surveillance radar to an unnamed NATO country. The contract includes several mobile radars integrated into the national air/missile defense system of the NATO country. These radars can identify a wide range of targets, including low-flying and high-speed targets. Contract’s value is unknown.
Elbit Systems
In November 2015 Elbit won a contract to deliver six Hermes 900 UAV worth $200 million to the Swiss armed forces by 2020.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
In February 2016 Affinity Flying Services Ltd, a joint enterprise based in the UK (50% Elbit and 50% US firm Kellogg, Brown, and Root, or KBR) obtained a contract from UK MOD worth about 500 million pounds to train RAF personnel. The contract covers training systems and infrastructure, as well as technical servicing and maintenance.
Elbit and its US partner Rockwell Collins produce helmets for F-35C fighters. The three-year contract for 54 helmets was signed in 2009 and is worth $54 million. Elbit is responsible for night-vision cameras, target trackers, and data processing and presentation on helmet display.
In January 2017 Elbit signed a contract worth $100 million to deliver remotely controlled combat modules armed with 7.62 or 12.7mm machine guns to Brazil to arm VBTP-MR Guarani APCs.
On February 16, 2017 Elbit Systems of America signed a contract worth $102 million with the US DOD to deliver mortar fire control systems. This system consists of a portable and vehicle-mounted components, and a lightweight ballistic computer. The contract is to be fulfilled in 5 years.
Israel's Military Expenditures And Military Industrial Complex - Overview And Dynamics
On July 5, 2017 one of Elbit affiliates signed a two-year contract worth $35 million with an unnamed European country to deliver optronic systems for individual soldiers.
On August 29, 2017 Elbit signed a contract worth $9 million with an unnamed Asia-Pacific country (possibly Thailand, Singapore, or Taiwan) to modernize F-5 fighters. The three-year contract will upgrade cabin equipment, on-board radar, navigational and bomb aiming systems, and other components.
On September 26, 2017 Elbit signed a $240 million contract with an unnamed African country to deliver military electronic systems. The two-year contract includes electronic anti-ATGM systems, UAVs, communications, troop command systems, and helicopter modernization.
On September 27, 2017 Elbit signed a $300 million contract with an unknown Asia-Pacific country to supply command and control systems. No additional information is available.
Israel’s MIC therefore has certain specific characteristics. The mainstay of its export is high-tech equipment, which countries from all over the planet want to procure. Moreover, even insignificant contracts are fulfilled with tight cooperation among state and private firms. MIC’s evolution so far entailed the merger of smaller firms and organizations into several large entities. This process allows them to be an effective competitor.

Conclusion

Israel currently has an effectively functioning, multi-faceted high-tech defense industry which, in the face of a general decline of expenditures on defense and of state orders in the 1990s, has undergone a restructurization that placed the emphasis on own scientific and technological capabilities and concentrated on producing advanced weapons and equipment, modernizing aircraft, warships, and armored vehicles, as well as dual-use electronics.
Considering the saturation of the domestic market with indigenous MIC products, Israel’s leaders place their hopes in exporting military equipment and dual-use products, and this export is an important component of the country’s foreign policy and military strategy, accounting for 70-75% of all military production.
In comparison with other branches of industry, radioelectronics industry is the most developed one, has the best prospects for the future, and is highly competitive. There is a steady trend toward amalgamation of Israeli radioelectronics firms with the intent of concentrating their efforts, increasing investments, developing new types of products, expanding range of products, increasing the volume of exports, and developing new markets in Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Far East.
To sum up all of the above, one may say the role played by US military and financial aid is hardly unambiguous. The contract with Israel to purchase latest US F-35 fighters is a clear example of that. On the one hand, Israel is receiving sizable military assistance from the US and is guaranteed to be among the first to obtain the latest US technologies. On the other hand, this aid comes with severe limitations and, in reality, it is a means of subsidizing the US MIC. Moreover, collaboration with the US greatly limits the geography of export of Israeli weapons if they utilize US technologies or capital, or if they might affect the balance of power in the world and endanger US security. For example, Israel is extremely interested in China’s defense market, and China’s PLA and own defense industry want access to advanced military technologies. Therefore military technological cooperation between the two countries has long taken place through either front firms or through sending weapons to another country which then resells them to the PRC. However, as noted above, US can exert political pressure on Israel on such matters, and influence decisions on contracts. Furthermore, in spite of all the negative aspects of such collaboration, Israel can’t refuse to collaborate with its main ally and is forced to make all possible efforts to maintain its relationship with Israel on a high level.

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!